Neyshabur is one of the most important, largest and most crowded cities of Razavi Khorasan province after Mashhad, located on the hillside of Binalood and east side of Iran’s central desert. The large section of Neyshabur is located in a partly even plain at the height of 1250 meters above the sea level.
Nishapur was founded during the Sasanian dynasty and in the 9th century it became the capital of the Tahirid dynasty and by the 10th century was under Samanid rule. The city became an important and properous administrative center under the Samanids. In 1037, it was conquered by the Seljuqs. Despite being sacked by the Oghuz Turks in 1153 and suffering several earthquakes, Nishapur continued as an important urban center until it was destroyed by Genghis Khan and the Mongols in 1221..
Neyshabur has always been a significant symbol of history particularly in ancient Iran. Neyshabur, during its peak prosperity, used to be the capital of Iran. Currently, this city is considered as one of the important cultural, touristic, industrial, and historic centers of north eastern Iran. This city has been registered on UNESCO intangible heritage list. This city has been the home to internationally recognized scientists like Omar Khayyam and Attar. Neyshabur is a place where Kamal-Ol-Molk (one of the greatest Iranian painter), is buried. The estimated population of Neyshabur reaches half a million due to its adjacency with suburban villages..
Because of having natural, historic, and touristic attractions this city attracts many national and international visitors. More specifically, visitors are impressed by the green nature of the suburban areas of Neyshabur. They can walk through densely tree populated areas and enjoy the nature, clean weather and pure water. Neyshabur is famous for its favorable weather conditions during the year. You will miss its fresh morning air once you feel it.
Neyshabur is the second industrial center of Khorasan province in which the industry, agriculture and animal husbandry have the main role in its economy.Neyshabur is famous for its turquoise mines. These blue and green shining stones are extracted from mines situated about 50 kilometers northwest of the city of Neyshabur.
Neyshabur is known for its turquoise due to having many mines and turquoise cutting manufactories which is one of the main occupations in this city. Pottery, carpet weaving, tiling, Namad Mali and Fart Bafi (traditional cloth weaving) are the other traditional arts of this region.
Neyshabur during its prosperous days concerning book and library activities was in connection with many countries from China to Greece. In addition, Neyshabur had lots of academic and cultural connections with nearer cities such as Harat, Samarqand, Bokhara, Rey, and Baqdad.
Neyshabur from the point of literacy has an ancient record. The first village school in Iran was established in Chakane village 89 years ago. In addition, the inhabitants of Dizbad (one of the suburban villages of Neyshabur), started education 40 years ago.
Regarding the existing documents Neyshabur is the first city of the Islamic world in establishing the first educational centers like schools for improving the literacy of people at that time. According to historians, more than forty schools were active in Neyshabur during the eleventh to fourteenth century.
Neyshabur was also famous for some active libraries such as Nezamieh, Khatoon Mahd Iraq, Jame Monie Sabooni which after Mongol invasion these libraries along with other places were destroyed
Neyshapur Tourist Attractions:
- Mausoleum of Attar Neyshaburi
- Wooden Mosque of Neyshabur